While team leadership has a lot of preparation to do prior to the conference, an individual member of an MUN team who will be attending the conference has three major steps to take in order to prepare for the conference. Committee sessions proceed through a variety of phases. Committee sessions are facilitated by conference staff members, known collectively as the dais. The formal session is governed by rules of procedure. To outline their policy formally and publicly, countries give formal speeches in session. Most of the work of negotiation, compromise and consensus-building is done in breaks from formal session, which are known as caucuses. The output of a committee – in other words, what each committee is trying to create during a conference – is a resolution. And finally, in order for a resolution to take effect, it must be passed during Voting Bloc.